Language and Linguistics - 'Conditionals'

Updated: Dec 2, 2020

This extract is a sample of my contributions to the compehensive English language compendium ESL Radius at A client testimonial is included following the sample.

Note that conditional sentences are formed with two clauses.

1. the "if" clause/condition clause


2. the consequence clause

(1) If I had more time, (2) I would read every day.

Conditional sentences are always formed with some basic components. This is true every time, regardless of the type of conditional.

Condition Clause: if/when + subject + verb structure [+ ... ] Consequence clause: subject + verb structure [+ ... ]

It is possible to change the order of the clauses. When beginning with the if clause, use a comma to connect the second clause. No comma is needed if starting with the consequence clause.

If you feel tired, you should go and have a nap. You should go and have a nap if you feel tired.

Conditional structures can be used in different ways. They do not always appear in whole sentences with distinct clauses.

The consequence clause can be used in isolation to answer a conditional question, in reference to a condition clause that was mentioned before, or when appearing in a wider conditional context.

The if clause cannot appear in isolation, because "if" and "when" are conjunctions that require another clause.


I can think of no other content writing niche where attention to detail is as important as it is when developing pedagogic materials for English as Second Language learners. Shana has that focus. I recommend her without reservation for such jobs.

Jamie Bridge, ESL Radius


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